Ureaplasmosis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by microorganisms called ureaplasma.
Ureaplasma is the smallest bacteria that live on the mucous membranes of a person. Ureaplasmas are conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. They can cause a number of diseases, but at the same time they are often detected in healthy people. Ureaplasma, like other sexually transmitted infections, are widespread.
In most cases, ureaplasma, while in the body, does not cause disease. If the disease does develop, it can manifest itself as:
- inflammatory diseases of the uterus and appendages;
- spontaneous abortions and premature births;
- urethritis in men.
Doctors use several methods to reveal ureaplasma such as bacteriology and PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
The prevalence of ureaplasma increases among people who have sex activity. Disease is associated with infection during sexual intercourse. About half of women are carriers, men are less common. Household contamination is unlikely.
Ureaplasmosis is an infectious disease of the urinary tract. The disease is caused by ureaplasma, parasitic on leukocytes, spermatozoa, epithelial cells of respiratory organs and urination. Ureaplasmosis affects both men and women, most often people with weakened immunity fall ill with ureaplasmosis.
Symptoms of ureaplasmosis
The incubation period of the disease (from the moment of infection until the onset of symptoms) is from several days to a month, sometimes longer (several months). At a time when the symptoms of the disease have not yet manifested, and the infection in the body already exists, the person himself is a carrier of ureaplasma and can infect sexual partners.
Very often the disease has a hidden symptomatology, sometimes the disease does not appear at all. In women, the asymptomatic course of the disease is more common than in men, so they can live with ureaplasmosis for decades and not even suspect that they are carriers of it.
Ureaplasma symptoms at men is manifested slight transparent secretions from the urethra (urethra), burning and pain during urination. If ureaplasmas affect the parenchyma of the prostate, then symptoms of prostatitis occur.
Ureaplasma symptoms at women is characterized by clear secretions from the genital tract, if ureaplasma causes inflammation of the uterus and appendages (ovaries, fallopian tubes), pains occur in the lower abdomen. When oral sex occurs at the site of penetration of the pathogen, there may be a sore throat: there is pain in the throat, purulent raids on the tonsils (follicular, lacunar forms of sore throat).
The first symptomatology of ureaplasmosis is most often expressed weakly and quickly passes. But the ureaplasmas themselves remain in the body, they attach themselves to the walls of the urinogenital organs, and wait to manifest their symptoms in full force. In case of weakening of immunity (severe hypothermia, heavy physical exertion, stress, diseases), ureaplasmas begin to intensify, the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in full.
Men usually experience such symptoms as prostatitis or urethritis, the inflammatory process spreads to the testicles, seminal vesicles, causing a whole "bouquet" of diseases, the outcome of which is infertility.
Ureaplasmosis provokes the occurrence of inflammation of the vagina (colpitis), the walls of the uterus (endometritis), the bladder (cystitis), inflammation of the kidney parenchyma (pyelonephritis). It is also possible the appearance of sexual disorders, sexual intercourse may become unpleasant and painful.