Millions of people suffer from a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, sleep fever, eczema or itchy blisters when hives, wheezing and suffocating from asthma attacks — the life of an allergic person becomes a continuous obstacle course.
Simply put, allergies are an unusual sensitivity to substances that most people do not cause anxiety. Many eat tomatoes, and no problem. And some immediately have a rash. Dust, pollen, mold, fur, paints, soap, powders, cosmetics, medicines, all kinds of impurities are potential pathogens of allergies. In general, not everyone can withstand something under our common sun, and sometimes even the sunshine itself! The suffering experienced by an allergic person in the process of a personal struggle against an ailment is similar to the suffering experienced in any struggle: partly physical, partly psychological.
A young woman with asthma in desperation asks: “Why me?” An uncontrolled sense of fear of asthma attacks pushed her to abuse steroids and pills. According to our observations, such patients are most often hospitalized in hospitals. In general, some concern about allergies is helpful: it gives the patient motivation for rational action. However, an increased level of anxiety can lead to unhealthy concerns about the disease, depression and panic, until the interest in other aspects of life disappears: family and friendships, careers and hobbies. All this leads to experiences that directly affect the immune system, aggravating the course of the disease. The secret to avoiding such situations is that you need to learn to be realistic, to relate to allergies, without entering into the role of a lonely outcast. Everything possible should be done to change the mood “I'm sick” to the mood “I'm recovering”.
What about allergies and heredity? If your parents are not allergic, you have only one out of ten chance of becoming an allergic person. If one of the parents is allergic, your chances are 50x50. If both parents are allergic, your chance is increased to 70%. This does not mean that we inherit allergies. We inherit genes that can contribute to allergies. Scientists call this a genetic predisposition, i.e. heredity only prepares the "scene", and nothing happens until you meet the allergen. The main advice for allergy sufferers is to avoid everything that bothers you. It makes sense. If you start sneezing and itching when a dog or cat enters the room, do not bring stray animals into the house. During the pollen ripening season, do not make long trips out of town. If you have hives from strawberries, eat blueberries. Typically, allergists try to find the causative allergen, identify concomitant diseases that also worsen and aggravate the allergic reaction, and then treat them, causing tolerance to allergens with certain doses. This is called immunospecific therapy. The idea is to stimulate the immune system without causing a general reaction. In the period of exacerbation of allergies, modern antihistamines and inhalers well help. The most favorable environment for allergy sufferers are mountainous and marine climatic conditions. Years of experience in monitoring such patients in the Pavlodar region showed that balneological procedures on salt lakes in the village are especially effective. Maraldy and Yamyshevo. Eczema and atopic dermatitis of the skin are well controlled, and sinusitis and other diseases have recovered.
Meeting an allergen will be less painful if we learn to better control ourselves in a stressful situation. Various relaxation methods allow you to use the ability of consciousness to influence the body. Regular physical exercises will help to save energy and reduce anxiety, improve mood, and give emotional balance.
So, if an allergy causes you to feel emotionally depressed, do a simple exercise, take a tonic shower, and exclude its cause from the environment and food. If you yourself could not cope with the problem, the doctor is your faithful assistant.
Center of Dermatology of Nur-Sultan